Mycoheterotrophic Plants

How many of them are there?

Burmannia unguiculata Averyanov

Burmannia unguiculata is described in Averyanov (2005) from limestone grounds in northern Vietnam. Together with its closest relative B. coerulea it is endemic to its type locality. B. unguiculata differs from B. coerulea by its smaller size (5 - 10 cm vs. 10 - 20 cm), lighter colour of  stems, scale leaves and flowers (more blueish in B. coerulea) and a dense scale leaf cover at the stem base. Moreover, B. unguiculata has smaller flowers in comparison to B. coerulea (although the latter also has small flowers compared to other Burmannia sp. in Vietnam), and has caudate sepal lobes (not so in B. coerulea, instead, the sepal margins are involute to some extent). Both species have relatively shallow wings at the floral tube, a characteristic feature to discern Burmannia vs. Gymnosiphon. Thus, the author suspects the two new Burmannia spp. as being transitional to the genus Gymnosiphon.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith