Lindley (1836) describes this species firstly as Dendrobium cassythoides based on specimens collected from Allan Cunningham in Sydney 1834. The collector proposed the name cassythoides because of its resemblence to the genus Cassytha, due to chocolate bronze stems, the leafless character and similar climbing abilities Lindley (1836). The systematic transfer to its genus Erythrorchis was finally proposed by Garay (1986) and is accepted by WCSP. This up to 6m tall plant is endemic to Eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia and it it has been found that both ectomycorrhizal and saprophytic fungi species colonize the plant roots (Dearnaly 2006).
Erythrorchis cassythoides (A.Cunn. ex Lindley) Garay 1986
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